Journal Club: Humanising yeast for synthetic biology

by Daniel Georgiev 4. 11. 2015 at 15:00 in the Biomedical Center

S. cerevisiae and humans diverged over 1 billion years ago. Nonetheless, roughly 50% of yeast genes are directly replaceable with human orthologs. The similarity of these seemingly unrelated organisms most likely extends even further for comparisons in systematic perturbations. In other words, genetic engineering practices established in yeast can be expected to have a high application potential in higher organisms. This Journal Club will focus on genetic engineering practices currently being developed at the Georgiev Lab and their potential impact in the broad field of healthcare and medicine. Central to the discussion is the yeast pheromone pathway that we use as a platform for testing engineering methods designed to modulate GPCR signalling through pathway regulation. Foreseen applications in the near and far futures will be discussed but the hope is to open the discussion to uncover the unforeseen applications that fall within the interests and competences of the Pilsen Bio-collective.

REFERENCES (most likely won’t go into great depth with most of these):
[1] A. H. Kachroo et al. Systematic humanization of yeast genes reveals conserved functions and genetic modularity, Science 22 May 2015
[2] L. Bardwell, A walk-through of the yeast mating pheromone response pathway, Peptides, February 2005.
[3] J. J. Collins, Tunable Signal Processing in Synthetic MAP Kinase Cascades, Cell, January 2011.
[4] G. Dixit, Cellular Noise Suppression by the Regulator of G Protein Signaling Sst2, Molecular Cell, July 2014.
[5] M.P. Gulli and M. Peter, Temporal and spatial regulation of Rho-type guanine-nucleotide exchange factors: the yeast perspective, Genes & Development, 2001.

REFENCES FOR FUN (an essay on why engineers and biologists should collaborate and a brief history of synthetic biology):
[1] Y. Lazebnik, Can a biologist fix a radio?—Or, what I learned while studying apoptosis, Cancer Cell, September 2002.
[2] J. J. Collins et al., A brief history of synthetic biology, Nature Reviews Microbiology, May 2014.

Contact

Charles University
Faculty of Medicine in Pilsen
Biomedical Center

alej Svobody 1655/76
323 00 Plzeň – Severní Předměstí

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